Research on Outward Oath of Allegiance of
Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo
DIFFERENCE OF OPINION ON OATH OF ALLEGIANCE OF SULTAN BAHOO
AT THE HAND OF ABDUL REHMAN JILANI
There is a difference of opinion among the researchers and biographers of Sultan Bahoo. It is on his oath of allegiance upon the hand of Sayyid Abdul Rehman Jilani. Now the argument mostly given in this context is that Sultan Bahoo did not require physical oath (bayat). As Prophet Mohammad took oath from him spiritually. Then he assigned him to Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani for further spiritual training. Moreover, in all his books Sultan Bahoo has used the term Shaikh-e-Maa. Further it means ‘our spiritual guide’ and is for Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani.
Another argument given by them is that Sultan Bahoo has never mentioned anything about his oath of allegiance to Sayed Abdul Rehman Jilani in any of his books and it is absolutely improbable that he had benefitted from someone but had not even mentioned him. However, this argument is not valid because we have many previous examples where the disciples have not mentioned the name of his spiritual guide in their books. Such as, Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani has not mentioned the name of his spiritual guide Shaikh Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi in any of his books. Similarly, Sayyid Habibullah Qadri has not mentioned anything about his spiritual guide, Sayyid Abdul Rehman Jilani in his only book Sirrul Habib.
Only in Manaqib-e-Sultani, the writer has mentioned Sultan Bahoo’s oath of allegiance upon the hand of Sayyid Abdul Rehman Jilani under the spiritual order. Since Manaqib-e-Sultani is the first biography of Sultan Bahoo, so it must be true as there is no valid reason to reject it.
Now we shall discuss different opinions of various biographers and researchers in this regard:
VIEW OF NOOR MOHAMMAD KULACHVI
- The most surprising point of view is that of Noor Mohammad Kulachvi. He was not only a research scholar, but according to him, Sultan Bahoo blessed him directly. Surprisingly he claimed to be his spiritual successor. Moreover he has also mentioned many of his spiritual meetings with Sultan Bahoo in his books. Yet never mentioned anything about his own oath of allegiance.
OATH OF ALLEGIANCE OF NOOR MOHAMMAD KULACHVI
Noor Mohammad Kulachvi’s son Abdul Hameed states about the physical oath of his father in Hayat-e-Sarwari in following words:
- At first, he (Noor Mohammad Kulachvi) took oath of allegiance at the hand of Saleh Mohammad. Now he was the third caretaker of the shrine of Sultan Bahoo. Further his father took him to the shrine of Sultan Bahoo when he was very young and requested his spiritual guide Saleh Mohammad to take oath of allegiance from him. Saleh Mohammad took oath of allegiance with great kindness. Many years later, he (Noor Mohammad Kulachvi) left college and stayed at the shrine of Sultan Bahoo as a Dervish. At that time, Saleh Mohammad had died and Noor Mohammad was the shrine caretaker. Now Noor Mohammad usually visited Damaan (Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan). Once he came to the village Mudi Sharif (Dera Ismail Khan). There Noor Mohammad Kulachvi also went from Kulachi with his father and renewed his oath of allegiance at Noor Mohammad’s hand. (page 56)
NOOR MOHAMMAD KULACHVI CONTRADICTS HIS OWN STATEMENT
If Noor Mohammad Kulachvi was getting spiritual beneficence directly from Sultan Bahoo through the Awaisi way, then why did he need to take oath of allegiance, not even once but twice?
Noor Mohammad Kulachvi writes in Makhzan al-Asrar:
- There is not any clue about the physical oath of allegiance of Sultan Bahoo. (Pg 259-260)
On the contrary, when Noor Mohammad Kulachvi writes the Sarwari Qadri chain on page 8 of his book Anwar-e-Sultani (Punjabi interpretation of Sultan Bahoo’s poetry), he writes the name of Pir Rehman i.e. Sayyid Abdul Rehman Dehlvi before the name of Sultan Bahoo, thus contradicting his own statement in his other book. Further, Noor Mohammad Kulachvi’s son Abdul Hameed also writes the name of Sayyid Abdul Rehman Dehlvi before the name of Sultan Bahoo as ‘Pir Rehman’ while mentioning Sarwari Qadri chain in his book Hayat-e-Sarwari on pages 132-133 and 219. Therefore this shows that he admits that Sayyid Abdul Rehman Jilani was the spiritual guide of Sultan Bahoo. Thus, he also contradicts his father’s opinion.
The travellers of spiritual path know that the spiritual guide recites the spiritual chain while taking oath of allegiance from disciples and it includes the names of all the previous spiritual guides in order of their respective era. Every spiritual guide is the disciple of previous one.
VIEW OF SULTAN ALTAF ALI
- Doctor Sultan Altaf Ali belonged to the family of Sultan Bahoo. Now he writes in Divan-e-Bahoo that Sultan Bahoo had no need of spiritual guide. Moreover in the foreword of his book Sharah Abyat-e-Bahoo, he writes that the spiritual guide of Sultan Bahoo was Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani whom he had frequently referred to as ‘our spiritual guide’ in his books. However, in his book Mirat-e-Sultani (Bahoo Nama Kamil) Doctor Altaf Ali changes his opinion and writes:
- Shaikh Habibullah Qadri said to Sultan Bahoo:
“O Fakir! I do not have what you want. Hence you should go to my spiritual guide Sayyid Abdul Rehman Jilani in Delhi.”
When Sultan Bahoo reached Delhi, he found that Pir Abdul Rehman Dehlvi was already waiting for him. Immediately he bestowed the eternal treasure to Sultan Bahoo. (page 114)
In the same book, Doctor Sultan Altaf Ali writes the Sarwari Qadri chain on pages 120 and 121. There he writes the name of Sayyid Abdul Rehman Dehlvi before the name of Sultan Bahoo. Therefore it shows that he admits that Sultan Bahoo had taken oath upon the hands of Sayyid Abdul Rehman Jilani.
VIEW OF PROFESSOR AHMAD SAEED HAMDANI
- In this context, the most rigid opinion is that of Professor Ahmad Saeed Hamdani. He has discussed this matter in detail in his book Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sultan Bahoo (Hayat-o-Taleemat) under the topic Shaikh-e-Maa Sultan-ul-Arifeen ke Murshid (page 46-50).
EXTRACT FROM BOOK MANAQIB-E-SULTANI
Professor Ahmad Saeed Hamdani gives the reference of the following statement of Manaqib-e-Sultani:
- Shah Habibullah Qadri was a famous Shaikh who lived in Garh Baghdad at the bank of river Ravi. Sultan Bahoo met him. Moreover it is said that he took different tests of Sultan Bahoo but found him better in courage and spiritual strength. At last, he requested him to go to his spiritual guide Sayyid Abdul Rehman Qadri Dehlvi.
Then he writes:
- According to the writer of Manaqib-e-Sultani, a Dervish Sultan Hameed accompanied Sultan Bahoo in his journey to Delhi. He belonged to Bhakar and was his junior spiritual successor. When Sultan Bahoo met Sayyid Abdul Rehman Jilani, he took him in privacy. Sultan Bahoo got his ‘eternal destiny’ only in one step. Thus, he found what he desired.
ARGUMENT # 1
Contradicting this statement of Manaqib-e-Sultani, Ahmad Saeed Hamdani proceeds:
- Explicitly the writer of Manaqib-e-Sultani considers Sayyid Abdul Rehman Jilani the spiritual guide of Sultan Bahoo. Also he has given a spiritual chain in accordance. However, before writing the aforementioned incident, he has also stated an esoteric experience of Sultan Bahoo. Now that experience shows that he got the spiritual beneficence by the Awaisi Moreover the Holy Prophet himself permitted him. Further Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani presented him. Hence he was ordered to guide and persuade men of Allah on the way to righteousness.
The writer of Manaqib-e-Sultani Sultan Hamid had heard the tradition of this esoteric experience from his ancestors, generation after generation. Sultan Bahoo had this experience while he was awake.
“One day he was standing somewhere in Shorkot, a celestial and dignified rider appeared who held his hand and let him sit on the horse behind him….That rider was Ali ibn Abi Talib. (The topic ‘Search for the Divine Truth and Oath of allegiance’ mentions it). After presence in the Mohammadan Assembly and being satiated with the benevolence of the Companions of Holy Prophet and the People of Cloak (Ahl-e-Bayt), he was assigned to Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani, for further guidance.”
ARGUMENT # 2
Another key point is that in Risala Roohi Sharif, when Sultan Bahoo mentions the names of the seven Sultan-ul-Faqr souls, he writes about Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani:
Meaning: One of these souls is our spiritual guide. He is the truth of Truth, absolute celestial light, the perfect manifestation of Eternal Reality and the beloved of Allah, Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani.
Now we compare this revelation to the tradition of Sultan Bahoo’s meeting with Sayyid Abdul Rehman Jilani. There is clear contradiction between the two. If, after this great triumph the Divine lights of Essence were directly bestowed upon Sultan Bahoo and he was given the authority by the glorious souls to guide people towards righteousness, then getting ‘eternal destiny’ from any other spiritual guide makes no sense. Therefore he had already reached the status where he himself held the position of the perfect spiritual guide.
ARGUMENT # 3
Professor Ahmad Saeed Hamdani proceeds as:
- The author of Manaqib-e-Sultani writes that Sultan Bahoo was a Saint by birth. Therefore he had complete knowledge of the Divine secrets. Moreover, Sultan Bahoo himself says:
“Due to the excess of revelations and effects of theophanies of light of the Divine Essence, I could not acquire exoteric education neither could I get time to practise excessive outward devotions. Hence I forever remain engrossed in the Divine Oneness and busy in exploring the Divine Essence.”
If he did not need exoteric education neither got time for outward devotions, then, he did not require an outward spiritual guide as well. Now it seems that just like in the age of cultural deterioration, modern members of different fields and circles followed and unnecessarily emphasized upon the superficial rules only, similarly, in mysticism, people superfluously enhanced the importance of physical form of connectivity. If someone did not have a teacher in poetry, he was considered untaught. Likewise, in mysticism, who is not linked to any physically alive spiritual guide, is considered misguided.
As far as Sultan Bahoo is concerned, he did not care about this rule at all. Therefore he has not mentioned anything about Habibullah Shah or Sayyid Abdul Rehman Jilani in any of his books. However, he often relates about getting beneficence through the Awaisi way and his aforementioned spiritual experience. Perhaps his descendants found it necessary to attach him to some traditional spiritual chain. As cultural background of their age requires it. Hence, they had to give reference of a living spiritual guide.
VIEW OF MUMTAZ BALOCH
- Mumtaz Baloch writes in Hoo Dey Bayt:
- Sultan Bahoo’s oath of allegiance upon the hand of Sayyid Abdul Rehman Dehlvi is merely a presumption which has no connection with reality. (page 61)
Mumtaz Baloch is a research scholar therefore his books limits to superficial knowledge only. Therefore he has written the above statement just on the basis of those statements of Sultan Altaf Ali, Professor Ahmad Saeed Hamdani and Noor Mohammad Kulachvi. As in those statements they appear to be against Sultan Bahoo’s physical oath of allegiance.
VIEW OF MAULVI MOHAMMAD DIN GUJRATI
Maulvi Mohammad Din Gujrati published a booklet on Sultan Bahoo in 1927. Even after searching hard, it was not located but its particular statement which we needed is in Professor Ahmad Saeed Hamdani’s book Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sultan Bahoo (Hayat-o-Taleemat) on page 49. This statement supports our argument which we will discuss later. Here we are quoting the exact statement:
- Maulvi Mohammad Din Gujrati’s view is that Sultan Bahoo meet Abdul Rehman Jilani once for oath of allegiance only. As he narrates:
“Abdul Rehman Jilani held the hand of Sultan Bahoo, took him in his apartment and said to him, ‘Indeed! You are rich with the benevolence of Divine Oneness. Further the Holy Prophet’s sacred hand is upon your hand and you are guided by Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani’. After this Sultan Bahoo came to the market of Delhi. There he blessed the people with his attention. Thus, all the shopkeepers and other people felt the state of spiritual absorption.”
VIEW OF SULTAN-UL-FAQR VI SULTAN MOHAMMAD ASGHAR ALI
Sultan-ul-Faqr VI Sultan Mohammad Asghar Ali belonged to the family of Sultan Bahoo. He was the man of Divine Essence (Sahib-e-Musamma Murshid ). Also the possessor of the Divine Trust and stationed at the venerable grand status of Sultan-ul-Faqr.
SULTAN MOHAMMAD ASGHAR ALI’S STATEMENT
He used to say:
“Sultan Bahoo’s physical oath of allegiance to Sayyid Abdul Rehman Jilani was amongst the requirements of Faqr. So, he met Sayyid Abdul Rehman only once, took oath of allegiance and returned because in Faqr outward oath of allegiance is essential. If he had not taken oath of allegiance at the hand of Sayyid Abdul Rehman Jilani, then the Sarwari Qadri chain which reaches Sayyid Abdul Rehman Jilani from Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani in a continuous manner would have broken and Sultan Bahoo would not have become a linked spiritual guide of this chain.”
He further said:
“Pir Sayyid Mohammad Bahadur Ali Shah got complete spiritual beneficence and the treasure of Faqr during his forty years’ stay at the shrine of Sultan Bahoo. On accomplishment of all the branches of esoteric knowledge, he was spiritually ordered by Sultan Bahoo to take oath of allegiance to Pir Mohammad Abdul Ghafoor Shah.”
Further he used to say that his spiritual guide Sultan Mohammad Abdul Aziz wanted to go to Baghdad. As he wished to take oath of allegiance at the hand of the progeny of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. Pir Bahadur Ali Shah requested Sultan Bahoo to take Sultan Mohammad Abdul Aziz’s oath spiritually. As he belonged to his progeny. Yet Sultan Bahoo ordered Sultan Mohammad Abdul Aziz to take physical oath at the hand of Pir Bahadur Ali Shah. In Faqr, it is necessary to take oath of allegiance to a living spiritual guide.
THE SPIRITUAL GUIDE RECITES THE CHAIN OF SARWARI QADRI ORDER
DURING OATH OF ALLEGIANCE (BAYAT / AL-BAYAH)
Sultan Mohammad Asghar Ali would recite a Silsila Sharif (Names of all the Sarwari Qadri spiritual leaders in order of their appearance in the world). During taking oath of allegiance from the disciples. Now like all orders it starts from the Holy Prophet. Further it reaches Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. Then to Sayyid Abdul Rehman Jilani in a properly linked order. Then continues till his spiritual guide Sultan Mohammad Abdul Aziz. In that Silsila also, Sayyid Abdul Rehman Jilani’s name comes before the name of Sultan Bahoo. Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman also recite the same Silsila. Further with an addition of two verses which are about his beloved spiritual guide.
BOOKS PUBLISHED IN INDIA
The spiritual guide of Sultan Bahoo is Sayyid Abdul Rehman Jilani according to many books published from India. For example Aasaar-e-Dehli, Rehnuma-e-Mazaraat-e-Dehli, Tareekh Mashaikh-e-Qadiriyya, Mazaraat Auliya-e-Dehli and in many other books.
All the research scholars who are against Sultan Bahoo’s physical oath of allegiance have their own view points based upon their knowledge and the books available. This research is not for contradiction. Rather, it is to proceed their work. Although it is important to state humbly that a research scholar just tries to find the truth and it is possible that his research proves to be wrong.
FAQR IS A PRACTICAL AND NOT A THEORETICAL JOURNEY
In Faqr, it is necessary to cover the spiritual journey under the guidance of the perfect spiritual guide through the contemplation of Ism-e-Allah Zaat. One understands the reality after the completion of journey. It is impossible to know the reality just on the basis of superficial knowledge.
Here, it is important to mention that Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman’s once quoted his own experience. Further it is on understanding of any mystic knowledge. Now it goes as that he took oath of allegiance in 1998. In his words, when he read the first page of Sultan Bahoo’s book Ain-ul-Faqr he understood it differently. As time passed and he covered his spiritual journey, that very first page started giving him a new knowledge every time he read it. Hence the entire book is no different. That is why, Sultan Bahoo has declared on the same page:
“This book is a perfect guide for a beginner as well as for the proficient.”
Hence, in the way of Faqr, exoteric knowledge and intelligence are useless like a lame horse. If merely the outward knowledge could reveal Divine secrets then there was no need of a spiritual guide or the way of Faqr itself, only sharia and exoteric knowledge would have been enough. Yet, we agree that these scholars are right with regards to superficial knowledge.
SULTAN BAHOO’S STATEMENT IN MEHAK-UL-FAQR KALAN
Further Sultan Bahoo himself states;
- Sarwari Qadri is actually the one who takes oath of allegiance on the hand of Prophet Mohammad. Resultantly he attains purification from all the immoral behaviours. Further he gains the Divine favour to adopt the way of sharia. (Mehak-ul-Faqr Kalan)
- Some of the Sarwari Qadri possess such an elite status that the Holy Prophet directly blesses them with his benevolence. Then, he assigns them to Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. Who blesses them and never separates from himself even for a single moment. (Mehak-ul-Faqr Kalan)
THREE KINDS OF AWAISI WAY
Those who have rejected the physical oath of allegiance of Sultan Bahoo have given the argument that Sultan Bahoo got beneficence through the Awaisi way. Awaisi way is the spiritual way in which a devotee gets spiritual beneficence directly from the Holy Prophet or from some Saint who is not physically alive. However this spiritual way surely exists. Hence we do not deny it. There are three kinds of the Awaisi way:
THE FIRST TYPE OF AWAISI WAY
First is the Awaisi way in which the benefiter does not have to hold the throne of guidance and persuasion. Yet is destined to perform some important responsibility related to the religion or umma. For example, Allama Iqbal got the spiritual beneficence from the soul of Jalaluddin Mohammad Rumi through the Awaisi way. Although, Allama Iqbal had taken oath of allegiance in the Qadri order when he was young. Still he never mentioned the name of his outward spiritual guide in his poetry. Rather, he considers Rumi his actual spiritual guide.
THE SECOND TYPE OF AWAISI WAY
Second Awaisi way is that, whereby a seeker is given the preliminary spiritual guidance at the beginning of his journey towards Allah. Then he is sent to the spiritual guide for further guidance. A seeker may or may not know it.
THE THIRD TYPE OF AWAISI WAY
The great people who have to adorn the throne of Divine guidance and persuasion must take physical oath of allegiance. This is despite the fact that they have benefitted from the Holy Prophet through the Awaisi way. As they should have esoteric as well as exoteric link with the chain of spiritual guides of a specific spiritual order.
SHAIKH ABDUL QADIR JILANI WAS BLESSED THROUGH THE AWAISI WAY STILL HE TOOK OATH OF ALLEGIANCE ON THE HANDS OF SHAIKH ABDUL MUBARAK MAKHZOOMI
Now the fact that Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani, despite being a Saint by birth, took oath of allegiance at the hand of Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi supports our argument. Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani’s grand status among all Saints is so high that his foot is at the neck of all of them. As he took oath of allegiance upon the hands of the Holy Prophet on the night of Miraj (as mentioned by Sultan Bahoo in Ain-ul-Faqr). Without his benevolence no one can find even smell the fragrance of Faqr. Also he found the complete spiritual treasure through the Awaisi way. Shah Waliullah Muhadas Dehlvi explains in his book Hamma’at;
- After Ali ibn Abi Talib, a series of sacred Sufis and Saints began. The most powerful and superior among all the Saints and the one who travelled the mystic path with utmost excellence through the actual Awaisi way is Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani.
OATH OF ALLEGIANCE OF SULTAN BAHOO FOLLOWS THE SAME PATTERN
AS THAT OF SHAIKH ABDUL QADIR JILANI
This proves that Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani found everything through the Awaisi way. Now Sultan Bahoo considers him his spiritual guide and calls him ‘our spiritual guide’. Although, Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani got the entire spiritual beneficence and powers through the Awaisi way, even then he had to take oath of allegiance upon the hands of Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi. His oath of allegiance has never been controversial and many books of mysticism with confirmed and authentic traditions states that fact.
According to a tradition Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani met his spiritual guide Shaikh Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi only once, he gave him morsels with his hand to eat and the cloak (once a symbol of oath of allegiance). That was all. Then Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani immediately started persuading and guiding the seekers of Allah on the path to Allah. Moreover Sultan Bahoo’s oath of allegiance followed the same pattern. He met his spiritual guide only once and found the complete spiritual treasure in just one meeting. As he had already completed his spiritual journey through the Awaisi way. The statement of Maulvi Mohammad Din Gujrati referred before, supports our argument.
WHY A SPIRITUAL CHAIN IS NECESSARY?
Now the question is that why it is necessary to have physical oath of allegiance in order to hold the throne of Divine guidance and persuasion? It is because in Faqr a system of spiritual chain establishes which reaches step by step to the Holy Prophet. Every perfect spiritual guide should be a link of this chain. Further this chain and linkage should not break anywhere, until it reaches the Holy Prophet through Ali ibn Abi Talib.
If this linkage is broken anywhere in between, a great disorder and trouble can arise. As it would become very easy for any wicked person to creep in this spiritual chain and claim the throne of Divine guidance and persuasion saying that the Holy Prophet directly blessed him through the Awaisi way and that he does not need to take oath of allegiance to any spiritual guide. If someone claims this, he is an absolute liar. Such evil persons falsely claim sainthood, just as people falsely claim Prophethood or claim to be the Imam Mehdi. The law should punish them. Nowadays, such spiritual guides who are frauds and fakes are everywhere. They refuse physical oath of allegiance and claim that they are directly blessed or are a Saint by birth or a hereditary Saint.
BOTH SULTAN BAHOO AND SHAIKH ABDUL QADIR JILANI HAD TO ACCEDE TO THE THRONE OF DIVINE GUIDANCE AND PERSUASION THEREFORE PHYSICAL OATH WAS REQUISITE
The physical oath of allegiance of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani and Sultan Bahoo was to fulfill the aforementioned requirement. As they had to hold the throne of Divine guidance and persuasion. They benefitted lacs of people of their age. Furthermore their spiritual order has to continue till the doomsday. Their physical oath of allegiance was necessary also. As it had to serve as an example so that in future no one could claim that he is permitted to hold the throne of guidance and persuasion by the Holy Prophet through the Awaisi way.
As a matter of fact Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani said:
- The chain of Faqr of the great spiritual guides reaches Ali ibn Abi Talib in a continuous manner. Then from Ali, who is the doorway to knowledge, reaches Prophet Mohammad who is the core of These spiritual leaders invite people towards Allah with wisdom. (Sirr al-Asrar Chp:5)
Also this statement supports our argument that to hold the throne of Divine guidance and persuasion, it is necessary that the Saint has a link with the spiritual chain.
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN A SPIRITUAL GUIDE PASSES AWAY WITHOUT ENTRUSTING SOMEONE WITH HIS SPIRITUAL POWERS?
Although, sometimes it also happens that the spiritual leader of the order cannot find any seeker. Who is capable enough to entrust all the spiritual powers to run the Sufi order. So he has to leave the world without transferring his powers to anyone. After his death, when Allah sends some competent seeker, then he transfers his powers to him from his shrine. Then the chain continues again from where it has stopped. In this manner, there remains no gap between the links of the chain. For instance we can find two such examples in the history of mysticism and spirituality.
First is the Naqshbandi order and other is in the Sarwari Qadri order. The example in Naqshbandi order is of Abu al-Hasan al-Kharaqani who was born eighty seven years after the death of his spiritual guide Bayazid Bastami. When he reached mature age, he did hard mystic struggle at the shrine of Bayazid Bastami for twenty years. Then, Bayazid transferred him his spiritual powers to continue his order.
SARWARI QADRI ORDER
The example in Sarwari Qadri order is of Sultan Bahoo who died in 1102 H without transferring the Divine Trust to anyone. Now eighty four years after his death, Sayyid Abdullah Shah Madni Jilani was born in Madina. He remained secluded for twelve years at the tomb of Prophet Mohammad. Then, after getting spiritual training from Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani, he reached the shrine of Sultan Bahoo in 1241 H. Then Sultan Bahoo transferred him the Divine Trust of Faqr. Hence the Sarwari Qadri chain continued again from where it had stopped.
Tehreek Dawat-e-Faqr hopes that this research by Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman would clarify many misconceptions about the physical oath of allegiance of Sultan Bahoo. Intention was not to hurt sentiments of any person or group rather to bring in light different aspects of biography of a great Saint.