TITLE ‘SULTAN-UL-ARIFEEN’ AND
SPIRITUAL STATUS ‘SULTAN-UL-FAQR’
TITLE OF SULTAN-UL-ARIFEEN
Sultan Bahoo’s title is Sultan-ul-Arifeen. Consequently it is famous among all the Saints and Mystics. Moreover it literally means ‘Sultan of Mystics’.
CLAIMANTS OF THE TITLE SULTAN-UL-ARIFEEN
When Sultan Bahoo became known in the world by the title of Sultan-ul-Arifeen, some fake guides and fraudulent ones all over the world, especially in the sub-continent and Jammu and Kashmir, started using this title with their names. Some followers and devotees of other Saints also attached this title with that Saint’s name. Now one should clearly understand that the title Sultan-ul-Arifeen is of Sultan Bahoo. Only he truly and factually deserves and owns this title. In a word others are just imitators.
SPIRITUAL STATUS OF SULTAN-UL-FAQR
Sultan Bahoo is stationed at the most elevated status of Sultan-ul-Faqr (Sultan of Faqr). Especially the seven souls which distinguishes among all the Saints and ranks at the highest degree of excellence in Oneness with Allah. These souls include Fatimah bint Mohammad, Shaikh Hasan of Basra, Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani, his son Shaikh Abdul Razzaq Jilani, Sultan Bahoo and Sultan Mohammad Asghar Ali while the manifestation of the seventh soul is not known yet.
MUSTAFA SANI AND MUJTABA AKHIR ZAMANI
(Mustafa the second and Mujtaba of the last era)
SOURCE OF MUSTAFA SANI AND MUJTABA AKHIR ZAMANI TITLES
Like Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani announced during his address by the will of Allah:
قَدَ مِیۡ ھٰذِہٖ عَلٰی رَقَبَۃِ کُلِّ وَلِیَ اللّٰہ
Meaning: My foot is over the necks of all the Saints.
Similarly, Sultan Bahoo proclaimed:
تا آنکہ لطفِ ازلی سر فراز یٔ عین عنایت حق حاصل شدہ و از حضور فائض النورِ اکرم نبوی صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہٖ وسلم حکمِ ارشادِ خلق شدہ، چہ مسلم، چہ کافر، چہ بانصیب، چہ بے نصیب، چہ زندہ و چہ مردہ۔ بزبانِ گوہر فشاں مصطفیٰ ثانی و مجتبیٰ آخر زمانی فرمودہ۔ رسالہ روحی شریف
Meaning: Since the eternal benevolence has graced me with grandeur, Prophet Mohammad has ordered me to guide everyone, Muslim or non-Muslim, fortunate or unfortunate, dead or alive and he has titled me Mustafa Sani and Mujtaba Aakhir Zamani with his pearl divulging tongue (Risala Roohi Sharif).
MEANING OF TITLES MUSTAFA SANI AND MUJTABA AKHIR ZAMANI
Now the titles Mustafa and Mujtaba mean ‘the chosen and the desired one’. Particularly these titles are for the Holy Prophet. However, he himself blessed Sultan Bahoo with the titles of Mustafa Sani meaning ‘Mustafa the second’ and Mujtaba Aakhir Zamani meaning ‘Mujtaba of the last era’. Henceforth it is a symbolic reference to the fact that as soon as the evil practices will become rampant all over the Muslim society. Then Sultan Bahoo’s teachings will be the light of righteousness. Moreover a special person from his spiritual order will promote his teachings. Accordingly he will guide people on the right path. Sultan Bahoo will spiritually support that person because he himself will not be physically alive in the last era.
REASON BEHIND CONFERRING TITLES MUSTAFA SANI AND MUJTABA AKHIR ZAMANI
Also this fact is highlighted in the following words of Sultan Bahoo. Which have passed on from generation to generation;
- When ignorance will prevail and falsehood will overcome the Truth. There would be a variety of sects and groups. Hence, every sect would consider only itself on the right path and all the others as depraved ones. When people would hesitate to talk against the wrong sects. Those falsely claiming to have the spiritual knowledge will disguise themselves as Saints and occupy the seats of shrines to plunder wealth by looting people. Then the fountains of Divine light will start showering from my shrine.
Fountains of Divine light refer to his valuable teachings of Faqr. Which shall bring out the people of this age from darkness into the light of guidance. Hence, in this world of chaos, if the Muslim umma is ever going to find guidance towards righteousness, the source will only be the teachings of Sultan Bahoo which will be promoted by a person of exalted spiritual status from his order. In essence, he would be the one to revive the true spirit of Islam.
Another explanation of the titles Mustafa Sani and Mujtaba Akhir Zamani is that lacs of people have benefitted from Sultan Bahoo’s shrine. From where he distributes this beneficence of Faqr every moment.
Punjabi Couplet # 1
Also in the following verses, Sultan Bahoo is referring to the same fact;
چڑھ چناں تے کر رشنائی ، ذکر کریندے تارے ھو
گلیاں دے وچ پھرن نمانے ، لعلاندے ونجارے ھو
Explanation: O my enlightened moon of Faqr! You must rise soon and enlighten the world. As darkness has overcome it. Where the seekers of Allah are wandering in search of the Divine Truth. In the age of falsehood they are waiting for a true guide like you. Whenever they try to seek knowledge about the path of Truth from some guide, they discover him masked with deception. So they are waiting for the perfect spiritual guide who will take the umma to the right path. (Abyat-e-Bahoo Kamil)
Punjabi Couplet # 2
چڑھ چناں تے کر رشنائی ، تارے ذکر کریندے تیرا ھو
تیرے جیہے چن کئی سے چڑھدے ، سانوں سجناں باجھ ہنیرا ھو
جتھے چن اساڈا چڑھدا، اوتھے قدر نہیں کجھ تیرا ھو
Explanation: O enlightened moon of Faqr! Rise soon and fill this dark and evil world with the Divine light. Where the seekers and true believers of Allah are desperately waiting for you. There hundreds of fake moons (fraud guides and their fake ways) have risen and deceived the umma claiming to be you. Now without you there is darkness everywhere. When our real moon (the perfect spiritual guide of Sarwari Qadri order who is true and complete manifestation of the Divine Essence) will appear, the fake moons will disappear and the fraud guides will run away. (Abyat-e-Bahoo Kamil)
Meaning of Sultan in Sarwari Qadri order
As far as ‘Sultan’ being part of his name is concerned, Ibn Arabi writes about the Universal Divine Man:
- The Universal Divine Man is the Qutb (a position in Sufi hierarchy) and Sultan of his time. (Exegesis of Fusus-ul-Hikam)
Sultan Bahoo is the Universal Divine Man of his time and Sultan-ul-Faqr VI Sultan Mohammad Asghar Ali said:
- The invocation of Hoo ( ھُو ) is the sultan of invocations and one who annihilates in Hoo is ‘the Sultan’.
Sultan Bahoo is the Sultan of all Sultans i.e. the Sultan of all Mystics and is at the highest status of Sultan-ul-Faqr. That is why, Sultan became a part of his name and afterwards writers and research scholars added ‘Mohammad’ to his name out of respect.
Haq Bahoo; a popular name of Sultan Bahoo
Common people also call him ‘Haq Bahoo’. In Risala Roohi Sharif, Sultan Bahoo writes about himself:
اَلْمُلَقَّبُ مِنَ الْحَقِّ بِالْحَقْ
Meaning: He (Sultan Bahoo) has been entitled as Haq (Truth) by the Haq (Divine Truth, Allah).
This means that Allah bestowed the title ‘Haq’, hence ‘Haq Bahoo’ also became one of his popular names.