Who is Sultan Bahoo?
Sultan Bahoo (ra) was the saint who reorganized the order of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (ra) and renamed it as Sarwari Qadri order. Bahoo means ‘The one who remains with Hoo’. Hoo (ھُو) is a pronoun for Allah, as used many times in the Quran for Ism-e-Allah Zaat. Those people who really have interest in Sufism know about the Sufi Saint Sultan Bahoo (ra). He wrote many books and was also a poet. His books are now available on Sultan-ul-Faqr Publications shop and you can also read them online on www.sultan-ul-faqr-publications.com
In his life, he preached the teachings of faqr and gave the people a way through which they can reach close to Allah.
According to the perfect spiritual guide of today’s era Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib-Ur-Rehman :
“Faqr is the only way by which we can reach to Allah Almighty.”
Sultan Bahoo (ra) served his life to teach the people about Faqr and about Divine love. He also taught the people the importance of spiritual guide(Murshid Kamil Akmal / Pir-e-Kamil).
According to Sultan Bahoo (ra):
“Murshid is like a physician and the disciple is like a patient. When a physician treats a patient he gives him bitter and sweet medicines and the patient must take those medicines so that he is cured and healthy.” (Ain-ul-Faqr)
As Sultan Bahoo (ra) spread the teachings of Ism-e-Allah Zaat the people called him Sultan-ul-Arifeen which means ‘Sultan of Saints’.
The Holy Prophet has ordered me to guide everyone, Muslim or non-Muslim, fortunate or unfortunate, alive or even dead and he has titled me as Mustafa Sani (Mustafa the second) and Mujtaba Akhir Zamani (Mujtaba of the last era) with his pearl divulging tongue. (Risala Roohi Sharif)
Birth and genealogical chain
Sultan Bahoo was born on Thursday, the 1st of Jamadi-us-Sani in 1039 H (17 January, 1630 A.D) at dawn, in the reign of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in Shorkot, District Jhang, Pakistan (then India). He belonged to the “Awan” tribe of the progeny of Hazrat Ali Bin Abu Talib. Awans are Hazrat Ali’s progeny from wives other than Hazrat Fatima Razi Allah Anha. His father Bazayd Mohammad was a soldier by profession and a titleholder in Shah Jahan’s army. His mother, Bibi Rasti was a Saintly woman. She was spiritually informed of Sultan Bahoo’s grandeur and spiritual status before his birth and according to his status of Fana-Fi-Hoo (annihilation in Hoo) his name Bahoo (One with Hoo ) was revealed to her.
Meaning of name
Bahoo means ‘The one who remains with Hoo’. Hoo (ھُو) is a pronoun for Allah, as used many times in the Holy Quran for Ism-e-Allah Zaat. For example, a Quranic verse states:
ہُوَ اللّٰہُ الَّذِیۡ لَاۤ اِلٰہَ اِلَّا ھُو
Meaning: He (Hoo ھُو) is Allah, besides Whom there is no other God. (Al-Hashr 22)
No one in the history has ever been named Bahoo before him. He is the exact manifestation of Ism-e-Hoo. In his books, he frequently calls himself “Faqeer Bahoo Fana Fi-Hoo” and describes his status of Fana (annihilation) and Baqa (immortality) with Hoo.
Title of Sultan Bahoo
Sultan Bahoo is known by the title of “Sultan-ul-Arifeen” among all the Saint. Sultan-ul-Arifeen literally means “The King of The Knowers of Allah”.
Spiritual bayat of Sultan ul Arifeen
Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo was a born Saint. Moreover, his mother gave him sufficient spiritual education and guidance because she herself was the Perfect Knower of Allah. Sultan ul Arifeen spiritually took oath of allegiance (bayat/al-bayah) on the sacred hands of Prophet Mohammad. He writes about his experience of presence in The Holy Assembly of Prophet Mohammad, “I saw and experienced everything spiritually as well as physically.”
Sultan-ul-Arifeen‟s physical bayat to Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani was amongst the requirements of Faqr. Sultan Bahoo met Shaikh Abdul Rehman Jilani on the Friday of 29 Ziqa‟ad, 1078 Hijri (11th May, 1668). The Shaikh took him in privacy and granted him the Eternal Divine Treasure he had been searching throughout his life. Hence, Sultan Bahoo received the greatest gift of Ism-e-Allah Zaat in only one meeting with his Murshid. Therefore, Sayyid Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi is Murshid of Sultan Bahoo. He belonged to the progeny of Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. To Read more about him Click Here.
Books of Sultan Bahoo
He has left grand spiritual treasure for the seekers of Allah in the form of his Divine books. He is the author of 140 books most of which are in Persian. The teachings in his books are undoubtedly a light of guidance for the seekers of Allah till doomsday. Some of his books are translated from Persain to English and Urdu under the Divine supervision of Persent Perfect Spiritual Guide of Sultan Bahoo Order. For more detail: Click Here
Sultan Bahoo poetry
While all books of Sultan ul Arifeen are in Persian language, his collection of most famous poetry is in Punjabi language which is known as Abyat-e-Bahoo. There are 201 Abyat-e-Bahoo. Undoubtedly one can say that Punjabi Abyat-e-Bahoo is the summary of all his teachings.
Watch complete and detailed life history of Sultan Bahoo in Urdu with English captions:
What is the essence of Sultan ul Arifeen’s teachings?
Sultan ul Arifeen named his teachings as Faqr. The beauty of his teachings is remarkable. He has touched upon each and every aspect of Sufism. He advices the seekers of Allah to adopt the path of Faqr and stresses that to be successful in this path finding a true perfect and accomplished spiritual guide is necessary. Moreover coming into the slavehood of such spiritual guide and hence following him whole heartedly leads the true seeker to Divine vision, closeness and gnosis of Allah.
Transference of Divine Trust (Amanat-e-Elahiya)
During his life Sultan Bahoo could not find a perfect and true seeker whom he could transfer Divine Trust. Therefore he left the world without transferring Amanat-e-Faqr. However, the spiritual order of Sultan Bahoo continued when he transferred Divine Trust to Sultan ul Tarikeen Sayyid Mohammad Abdullah Shah Madni Jilani 139 years after his death.
Present Imam of Sarwari Qadri order
The present imam of Sarwari Qadri Order and true spiritual heir of Sultan Bahoo is Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman. His book Shams-ul-Fuqara is an encyclopedia of the teachings of Sultan Bahoo and contains the essence of all the books of Sultan Bahoo. His monthly magazine “Sultan-ul-Faqr” also preaches the teachings of Sultan Bahoo. In addation to these, he took revolatioanry steps for spreading the teachings of Faqr. He has laid the foundation of Tehreek Dawat-e-Faqr. This organization is the true representative of teachings of Sultan ul Arifeen. To read more about Tehreek Dawat-e-Faqr click the button given below:
Death of Sultan ul Arifeen
He died at the age of 63 years on Thursday 1st Jumada ath-thani, 1102 H (1st March 1691 A.D) at the time of Asr prayer.
Where is the shrine of Sultan ul Arifeen?
The sacred shrine of Sultan Bahoo is located in district Jhang, Pakistan. Following is the exact address:
Village Sultan Bahoo via Garh Maharaja, Tehsil Ahmadpur Sial, Jhang District, Pakistan
Millions of seekers of Allah gain beneficence from the shrine of Sultan ul Arifeen. Seekers of the Divine Truth and Reality are never returned empty handed from this shrine. This shrine is a source of beneficence fro the whole world.
نام فقیر تنہاں دا باھوؒ قبر جنہاں دی جیوے ھُو
Meaning: Faqeers are actually those true and spiritually elevated mystics who are alive even after death and benefit people from their shrine.
Sultan Bahoo Urs
Sultan Bahoo’s urs (death anniversary) is celebrated every year under the supervision of Sultan ul Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib ur Rehman.